عنوان مقاله [English]
This present study attempts to investigate the effects of discourse of modernism on representation of QajarKings’ portraits under the light of Laclau and Mouffe discourse theory. Modernism discourse in Iran appeared as a result of articulation of such signsas ‘justice’,‘freedom’, and ‘reformism around the nodal point of law. In fact, the sign‘law’was in conflict with the nodal point of royal court discourse (king) and targeted the authorial voice of the royal court discourse. Based on descriptive--analytical method, the present study aimed at shedding more light on the effects of socialdevelopments on the representation of Qajar kings. The Findings showthat law-centered modernism discourse has rubbed the transcendental and sacred interpretationsoff Qajar kings in portraits. Availability of the King was facilitated and in this way, and he became more life-like and tangible, with the portraits losing their function of promoting and establishing of power.Individuality fell downwards from the top of the pyramid of power. With growing hegemonalization of the signifier ‘law’, we witness more transformation in the representations. Power-signifying figures are increasingly marginalized and the king is decentralized in the portraits.